History about sedans

The meaning about sedan is possibly derived from a southern of Italy, dialect derivative of Italian sedia "chair" (the first sedan was said to have been introduced from Naples). Nevertheless, Portuguese and Spanish navigators and colonists encountered litters of various sorts in India, Japan, Mexico, and Peru. They were imported into Spain in the late sixteenth century. Soon the fad spread into France and then England. All the names for these derived from the root "sed-" from the Latin "sella" - the traditional name for a carried chair.

The Online Etymology Dictionary points to Italian (sedia = chair) & Latin (sedere = sit) origins for the term 'sedan'. Online Etymology Dictionary

The first Vehicle to use the configuration was the 1899 Renault Voiturette Type B. The first closed car, for at least 4 passengers, which used the word sedan was the 1911 Speedwell sedan, which was manufactured by the Speedwell Motor Co in Dayton, Ohio. But even before that time completely closed cars were called saloons or limousines, like the 1905 Rational 4-door limousine or the 1907 Renault 4-door limousine or the 1910 Stella 2-door saloon .The words saloon or limousine do not exclusively mean a fully closed car. Cars which are called sedans are almost always fully closed.


The derivation from the town of Sedan, Ardennes in France, where it was said to have been made or first used, lacks historical evidence, according to Oxford English Dictionary.